Module 1 – Fundamentals of Whole Farm Feed Planning for Monogastrics
To understand how the nutrient requirements of pigs and poultry, at different stages of growth and production, are met by the feed supplied, to maximise nutrient conversion efficiencies, desired production efficiency and economic returns to minimise the effect on the environment.
Members must be able to make an assessment of the type of livestock farm, its hygiene status in broad terms, and expected levels of production. They must have a basic understanding of nutrition, feeding systems, livestock production and how to maximise production and minimise waste.
1.3 Essential knowledge and skills
Members should be able to:
Identify the origins of environmental emissions associated with the production system (e.g. nitrous oxide and ammonia from litter/manures and subsequent losses of nitrate) and how by improving feed efficiency and feeding management and production strategies these can be reduced often with a parallel improvement in financial performance.
Know how to determine the feed requirements for the type of livestock farm (e.g. organic, conventional, housed or free-range, home mixers, liquid feeders) accounting for hygiene status and expected levels of production.
Demonstrate a broad understanding of factors affecting feeding management e.g. feeding systems.
Demonstrate an understanding of the nutritional information provided on a feed label to ensure, where possible, adequate nutrient supply and avoid excesses.
Work with the farmer to monitor production performance data.
Understand how performance can be modified by feeding an alternative feeding strategy/complete feed that contain higher or lower amino acids and/or energy.
Demonstrate a broad understanding of feeding management (feeding frequency, volume fed, feed delivery systems, lighting, production performance, water quality and availability, etc.).
Describe what enzymes are, and how they improve the efficiency of digestion and reduce waste.
Describe how the use of phytases can reduce phosphorus excretion to the environment. Describe what amino acids are, and how formulating to amino acids requirements rather than protein, reduces nitrogen excretion and protects the environment.
Be aware of specific customer requirements and key relevant processor (retailer) requirements i.e. GM/Non-GM, natural or synthetic yolk pigments, or government policy pressures on livestock farmers i.e. GHG Action Plan, Nitrate Vulnerable Zones and pollution prevention ‘Permit conditions’.